August 16, 2017
 
What We Believe
 

The purpose of Sovereign Grace Baptist Church is to glorify the God of the Scriptures in promoting his worship in spirit and in truth, edifying his saints in the true knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ, and evangelizing sinners.

To this end, we are committed to proclaiming his glorious gospel of grace in Jesus Christ throughout the world by the proclamation of the whole counsel of God as revealed in the Old and New Testaments, and defending "the faith which was once delivered unto the saints" (Jude 3; John 4:23; 2 Tim. 3:16-17).

We affirm the Bible as the inspired and inerrant Word of God and the basis for our beliefs. Our church subscribes to the doctrinal statement of The London Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689. This time-tested document provides an excellent summary of our beliefs and practices.

In keeping with the faith of our forefathers, we adhere to the following Reformational formulas:  Faith Alone, Grace Alone, Scripture Alone, Christ Alone, and Glory to God alone.,

The following five commitments from Acts 2:42-47 are priorities that reveal our philosophy of ministry:

  • A commitment to Scripture.
  • A commitment to one another.
  • A commitment to prayer.
  • A commitment to worship.
  • A commitment to outreach.
It would be our joy to have you attend one of our services in the near future.
 
The London Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689
 
Chapter 1
 
OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
 
     1. The Holy Scripture is the only sufficient, certain, and infallible rule of all saving knowledge, faith, and obedience; although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God and His will, which is necessary unto salvation. Therefore it pleased the Lord at sundry times and in diverse manners to reveal Himself, and to declare that His will unto His church; and afterward for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan, and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing; which maketh the Holy Scriptures to be most necessary, those former ways of God's revealing His will unto His people being now ceased.
       (2 Tim. 3:15-17; Isa. 8:20; Luke 16:29,31; Eph. 2:20; Rom. 1:19-21; 2:14-15; Psalm 19:1-3;
Heb. 1:1; Prov. 22:19-21; Rom. 15:4; 2 Pet. 1:19-20)
 
     2. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these:
 
Of the Old Testament
 
Genesis                                                      2 Chronicles                                     Daniel
Exodus                                                       Ezra                                                 Hosea
Leviticus                                                     Nehemiah                                         Joel
Numbers                                                    Esther                                               Amos
Deuteronomy                                              Job                                                  Obadiah
Joshua                                                        Psalms                                              Jonah
Judges                                                        Proverbs                                           Micah
Ruth                                                           Ecclesiastes                                       Nahum
1 Samuel                                                    The Song of Solomon                        Habakkuk
2 Samuel                                                     Isaiah                                               Zephaniah
1 Kings                                                       Jeremiah                                            Haggai
2 Kings                                                       Lamentations                                     Zechariah
1 Chronicles                                                Ezekiel                                              Malachi 
 
Of the New Testament
 
Matthew                                                     Galatians                                           The Epistle to 
Mark                                                          Ephesians                                           the Hebrews
Luke                                                           Philippians                                          James
John                                                            Colossians                                          First Peter
Acts                                                            1 Thessalonians                                  Second Peter
Romans                                                       2 Thessalonians                                  Epistles of John
1 Corinthians                                               1 Timothy                                           Jude
2 Corinthians                                               2 Timothy                                           Revelation
                                                                   Titus
                                                                    Philemon
 
All which are given by the inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life.  (2 Tim. 3:16)
 
     3. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon (or rule) of the Scripture, and therefore are of no authority to the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved or made use of, than other human writings.  (Luke 24:27,44; Rom. 3:2)
 
     4. The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, depends not upon the testimony of any man or church, but wholly upon God (who is truth itself), the author thereof; therefore it is to be received, because it is the Word of God.   (2 Pet. 1:19-21; 2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Thess. 2:13; 1 John 5:9)
 
     5. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the church of God to a high and reverent esteem of the Holy Scriptures; and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, and the majesty of the style, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God), the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's salvation, and many other incomparable excellencies, and entire perfections thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the Word of God; yet nothwithstanding, our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit bearing witness by and with the Word in our hearts.
      (John 16:13-14; 1 Cor. 2:1-12; 1 John 2:20,27)
 
     6.  The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man's salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down or necessarily contained in the Holy Scripture; unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelation of the Spirit, or traditions of men.
     Nevertheless, we acknowledge the inward illumination of the Spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the Word, and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the church, common to human actions and societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature and Christian prudence, according to the general rules of the Word, which are always to be observed.  
       (2 Tim. 3:15-17; Gal. 1:8-9; John 6:45; 1 Cor. 2:9-12; 11:13-14; 14:26,40)
 
     7.   All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all; yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of ordinary means, may attain to a sufficient understanding of them.  (2Pet. 3:16; Ps. 19:7; 119:130)
 
     8. The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations), being immediately inspired by God, and by His singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical; so as in all controversies of religion, the church is finally to appeal unto them. But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have a right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded in the fear of God to read and search them, therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation, unto which they come, that the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship Him in an acceptable manner, and through patience and comfort of the Scriptures may have hope.
     (Rom. 3:2; Isa. 8:20; Acts 15:15; John 5:39; 1 Cor. 14:6,9,11-12,24,28; Col. 3:16)
 
     9. The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself; and therefore when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched by other places that speak more clearly. (2 Pet. 1:20-21; Acts 15:15-16) 
 
    10. The supreme judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Scripture delivered by the Spirit, into which Scripture so delivered, our faith is finally resolved.  (Matt. 22:29,31-32; Eph. 2:20; Acts 28:23)  
 
 
 
Chapter 2
 
OF GOD AND OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
 
     1. The Lord our God is but one only living and true God; whose subsistence is in and of Himself, infinite in being and perfection; whose essence cannot be comprehended by any but Himself; a most pure spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions, who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; who is immutable, immense, eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, every way infinite, most holy, most wise, most free, most absolute; working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will for His own glory; most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him, and withal most just and terrible in His judgments, hating all sin, and who will by no means clear the guilty.
     (1 Cor. 8:4,6; Deut. 6:4; Jer. 10:10; Isa. 48:12; Exod. 3:14; John 4:24; 1 Tim. 1:17; Deut. 4:15;
Mal. 3:6; 1 Kings 8:27; Jer. 23:23; Ps. 90:2; Gen. 17:1; Isa. 6:3; Ps. 115:3; Isa. 46:10; Prov. 16:4;
Rom. 11:36; Exod. 34:6-7; Heb. 11:6; Neh. 9:32-33; Ps. 5:5-6; Exod. 34:7; Nahum 1:2-3)
 
     2. God, having all life, glory, goodness, blessedness, in and of Himself, is alone in and unto Himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creature which He hath made, nor deriving any glory from them, but only manifesting His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them; He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things, and He hath most sovereign dominion over all creatures, to do by them, or upon them, whatsoever Himself pleaseth; in His sight all things are open and manifest, His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature, so as nothing is to Him contingent or uncertain; He is most holy in all His counsels, in all His works, and in all His commands; to Him is due from angels and men, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience, as creatures they owe unto the Creator, and whatever He is further pleased to require of them.
     (John 5:26; Ps. 148:13; Ps. 119:68; Job 22:2-3; Rom. 11:34-36; Dan. 4:25,34,35; Heb. 4:13;
Ezek. 11:5; Acts 15:18; Ps. 145:17; Rev. 5:12-14)
 
     3. In this divine and infinite Being there are three subsistences, the Father, the Word (or Son), and Holy Spirit, of one substance, power, and eternity, each having the whole divine essence, yet the essence undivided:  the Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father and the Son; all infinite, without beginning, therefore but one God, who is not to be divided in nature and being, but distinguished by several peculiar relative properties and personal relations; which doctrine of the Trinity is the foundation of all our communion with God, and comfortable dependence on Him.
     (1 John 5:7; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14; Exod. 3:14; John 14:11; 1 Cor. 8:6; John 1:14,18;
John 15:26; Gal. 4:6)
 
 
 
Chapter 3
 
OF GOD'S DECREE
 
     1. God hath decreed in Himself, from all eternity, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely and unchangeably, all things, whatsoever comes to pass; yet so as thereby is God neither the author of sin nor hath fellowship with any therein; nor is violence offered to the will of the creature, nor yet is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established; in which appears His wisdom in disposing all things, and power and faithfulness in accomplishing His decree.
     (Isa. 46:10; Eph. 1:11; Heb. 6:17; Rom. 9:15,18; James 1:13; 1 John 1:5; Acts 4:27-28;
John 19:11; Num. 23:19; Eph. 1:3-5)
 
     2. Although God knoweth whatsoever may or can come to pass, upon all supposed conditions, yet hath He not decreed anything, because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.  (Acts 15:18; Rom. 9:11,13,16,18)
 
     3. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels are predestinated, or foreordained to eternal life through Jesus Christ, to the praise of His glorious grace; others being left to act in their sin to their just condemnation, to the praise of His glorious justice.
     1 Tim. 5:21; Matt. 25:34; Eph. 1:5-6; Rom. 9:22-23; Jude 4)
 
     4. These angels and men thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed, and their number so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.
     (2 Tim. 2:19; John 13:18)
 
     5. Those of mankind that are predestinated to life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory, out of his mere free grace and love, without any other thing in the creature as a condition or cause moving him thereunto.
     (Eph. 1:4,9,11; Rom. 8:30; 2 Tim. 1:9; 1 Thess. 5:9; Rom. 9:13,16; Eph. 2:5,12)
 
     6. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so he hath, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, foreordained all the means thereunto; wherefore they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ, are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit working in due season, are justified, adopted, sanctified, and kept by his power through faith unto salvation; neither are any other redeemed by Christ or effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified,  and saved, but the elect only.
     (1 Pet. 1:2; 2 Thess. 2:13; 1 Thess. 5:9-10; Rom. 8:30; 2 Thess. 2:13; 1 Pet. 1:5; John 10:26; 17:9; 6:64)
 
     7. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care, that men attending the will of God revealed in his Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election; so shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God, and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel.
     (1 Thess. 1:4-5; 2 Pet. 1:10; Eph. 1:6; Rom. 11:33; Rom. 11:5-6,20; Luke 10:20)
 
 
 
Chapter 4
 
OF CREATION
 
     1. In the beginning it pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, for the manifestation of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness, to create or make the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good.
     (John 1:2-3; Heb. 1:2; Job 26:13; Rom. 1:20; Col. 1:16; Gen. 1:31)
 
     2. After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and female, with reasonable and immortal souls, rendering them fit unto that life to God for which they were created; being made after the image of God, in knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness; having the law of God written in their hearts, and power to fulfill it, and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject to change.  (Gen. 1:27; 2:7; Eccl. 7:29; Gen. 1:26; Rom. 2:14-15; Gen. 3:6)
 
     3. Besides the law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, which whilst they kept, they were happy in their communion with God and had dominion over the creatures.  (Gen. 2:17; 1:26,28)
 
 
 
Chapter 5
 
OF DIVINE PROVIDENCE
 
     1. God the good Creator of all things, in his infinite power and wisdom doth uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all creatures and things, from the greatest even to the least, by his most wise and holy providence, to the end for the which they were created, according unto his ifallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will; to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness and mercy.  (Heb. 1:3; Job 38:11; Isa. 46:10-11; Ps. 135:6; Matt. 10:29-31; Eph. 1:11)
  
     2. Although in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infallibly; so that there is not anything befalls any by chance, or without his providence; yet by the same providence he ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently. (Acts 2:23; Prov. 16:33; Gen. 8:22)
 
     3. God, in his ordinary providence maketh use of means, yet is free to work without, above, and against them at his pleasure. (Acts 27:31,44; Isa. 55:10-11; Hosea 1:7; Rom. 4:19-21; Dan. 3:27)
 
     4. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his providence, that his determinate counsel extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sinful actions both of angels and men; and that not by a bare permission, which also he most wisely and powerfully boundeth, and otherwise ordereth and governeth, in a manifold dispensation to his most holy ends; yet so, as the sinfulness of their acts proceedeth only from the creatures, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the approver of sin.
     ( Rom. 11:32-34; 2 Sam. 24:1; 1 Chron. 21:1; 2 Kings 19:28; Ps. 76:10; Gen. 50:20;
       Isa. 10:6-7,12; 1 John 2:16)
 
     5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations and the corruptions of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled; and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon himself; and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for other just and holy ends. So that whatsoever befalls any of his elect is by his appointment, for his glory, and their good.
     (2 Chron. 32:25-26,31; 2 Cor. 12:7-9; Rom. 8:28)
 
     6. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as the righteous judge, for former sin doth blind nd harden; f them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understanding, and wrought upon their hearts; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, and exposes them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; ad withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan, whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, under those means which God uses for the softening of ohers.
     (Rom. 1:24-26,28; 11:7-8; Deut. 29:4; Matt. 13:12; Deut. 2:30; 2 Kings 8:12-13; Ps. 81:11-12;
      2 Thess. 2:10-12; Exod. 8:15,32; Isa. 6:9-10; 1 Pet. 2:7-8)
 
     7. As the providence of God does in general reach to all creatures, so after a more special manner it takes care of his church, and disposes of all things to the good thereof.
     (1 Tim. 4:10; Amos 9:8-9; Isa. 43:3-5)
 
 
 
Chapter 6
 
OF THE FALL OF MAN, OF SIN, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT THEREOF
 
     1. Although God created man upright and perfect, and gave him a righteous law, which had been unto life had he kept it, and threatened death upon the breach thereof, yet he did not long abide in this honor; Satan using the subtlety of the serpent to subdue Eve, then by her seducing Adam, who, without any compulsion, did willfully transgress the law of their creation, and the command given unto them, in eating the forbidden fruit, which God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.  (Gen. 2:16-17; Gen. 3:12-13; 2 Cor. 11:3)
 
     2. Our first parents, by this sin, fell from their original righteousness and communion with God, and we in them, whereby death came upon all:  all becoming dead in sin, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body. (Rom. 3:23; Rom. 5:12; Tit. 1:15; Gen. 6:5; Jer. 17:9; Rom. 3:10-19)
 
     3. They being the root, and by God's appointment, standing in the room and stead of all mankind, the guilt of the sin was imputed, and corrupted nature conveyed, to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation, being now conceived in sin, and by nature children of wrath, the servants of sin, the subjects of death, and all other miseries, spiritual, temporal, and eternal, unless the Lord Jesus set them free.
     (Rom. 5:19-19; 1 Cor. 15:21-22,45,49; Ps. 51:5; Job 14:4; Eph. 2:3; Rom. 6:20; Heb. 2:14-15)
 
     4. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all evil, do proceed all actual transgressions.
     (Rom. 8:7; Col. 1:21; James 1:14-15; Matt. 15:19)
 
     5. The corruption of nature during this life doth remain in those that are regenerated; and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and the first motions thereof, are truly and properly sin. (Rom. 7:18,23; Eccl. 7:20; 1 John 1:8; Rom. 7:23-25; Gal. 5:17)
 
 
 
Chapter 7
 
OF GOD'S COVENANT
 
     1. The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience to him as their creator, yet they could never have attained the reward of life but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.
     (Luke 17:10; Job 35:7-8)
 
     2. Moreover, man having brought himself under the curse of the law by his fall, it pleased the Lord to make a covenant of grace, wherein he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.
     (Gen. 2:17; Gal. 3:10; Rom. 3:20-21; Rom. 8:3; Mark 16:15-16; John 3:16; Ezek. 36:27-27;
     John 6:44-45; Ps. 110:3)
 
     3. This covenant is revealed in the gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of salvation by the seed of the woman, and afterwards by farther steps, until the full discovery thereof was completed in the New Testament; and it is founded in that eternal covenant transaction that was between the Father and the Son about the redemption of the elect; and it is alone by the grace of this covenant that all the posterity of fallen Adam that ever were saved did obtain lifeand blessed immortality, man being now utterly incapable of acceptance with God upon those terms on which Adam stood in his state of innocency.
     (Gen. 3:15; Heb. 1:1; 2 Tim. 1:9; Tit. 1:2; Heb. 11:6,13; Rom. 4:1-2; Acts 4:12; John 8:56)
 
 
 
Chapter 8
 
OF CHRIST THE MEDIATOR
 
      1. It please God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, according to the covenant made between them both, to be the mediator between God and man; the prophet, priest, and king; head and savior of the church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world; unto whom he did from all eternity give a people to be his seed and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.
     (Isa. 42:1; 1 Pet. 1:19-20; Acts 3:22; Heb. 5:5-6; Ps. 2:6; Luke 1:33; Eph. 1:22-23; Heb. 1:2;
     Acts 17:31; Isa. 53:10; John 17:6; Rom. 8:30)
 
     2. The Son of God, the second person in the Holy Trinity, being very and eternal God, the brightness of the Father's glory, of one substance and equal with him who made the world, who upholdeth and governeth all things he hath made, did, when the fullness of time was come, take upon him man's nature, with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet withou sin; being conceived by the Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary, the Holy Spirit coming down upon her; and so was made of a woman of the tribe of Judah, of the seed of Abraham and David according to the Scriptures; so that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion; which person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only mediator between God and man.
     (John 1:14; Gal. 4:4; Rom. 8:3; Heb. 2:14,16-17; Heb. 4:15; Matt. 1:22-23; Luke 1:17,31,35;
     Rom. 9:5; 1 Tim. 2:5)
 
     3. The Lord Jesus, in his human nature thus united to the divine, in the person of the Son, was sanctified and anointed with the Holy Spirit above measure, having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; in whom it pleased the Father thall all fulness should dwell, to the end that being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth, he might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of mediator and surety; which office he took not upon himself, but was thereunto called by his Father; who also put all power and judgment in his hand, and gave him commandment to execute the same.
     (Ps. 45:7; Acts 10:38; John 3:34; Col. 2:3; Col. 1:19; Heb. 7:26; John 1:14; Heb. 7:22;
     Heb. 5:5; John 5:22,27; Matt. 28:18; Acts 2:36)
 
     4. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake, which that he might discharge he was made under the law, and did perfectly fulfill it, and underwent the punishment due to us, which we should have borne and suffered, being made sin and a curse for us; enduring most grievous sorrows in his soul, and most painful sufferings in his body; was crucified, and died, and remained in the state of the dead, yet saw no corruption:  on the third day he arose from the dead with the same body in which he suffered, with which he also ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of his Father making intercession, and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world.
     (Ps. 40:7-8; Heb. 10:5-10; John 10:18; Gal. 4:4; Matt. 3:15; Gal. 3:13; Isa. 53:6; 1 Pet. 3:18;
     2 Cor. 5:21; Matt. 26:37-38; Luke 22:44; Matt. 27:46; Acts 13:37; 1 Cor. 15:3-4; John 20:25-27;
     Mark 16:19; Acts 1:9-11; Rom. 8:34; Heb. 9:24; Acts 10:42; Rom. 14:9-10; Acts 1:11; 2 Pet. 2:4)
 
     5. The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the eternal Spirit once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of God, procured reconciliation, and purchased an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.
     (Heb. 9:14; 10:14; Rom. 3:25-26; John 17:2; Heb. 9:15)
 
     6. Although the price of redemption was not actually paid by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefit thereof were communicated to the elect in all ages, successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed which should bruise the serpent's head; and the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world, being the same yesterday, and today and for ever.
     (1 Cor. 4:10; Heb. 4:2; 1 Peter 1:10-11; Rev. 13:8; Heb. 13:8)
 
     7. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself; yet by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.
     (John 3:13; Acts 20:28)
 
     8. To all those for whom Christ hath obtained eternal redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same, making intercession for them; uniting them to himself by his Spirit, revealing unto them, in and by his Word, the mystery of salvation, persuading them to believe and obey, governing their hearts by his Word and Spirit, and overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation; and all of free and absolute grace, without any consideration foreseen in them to procure it.
     (John 6:37; 10:15-16; 17:9; Rom. 5:10; John 17:6; Eph. 1:9; 1 John 5:20; Rom. 8:9,14;
     Psalm 110:1; 1 Cor. 15:25-26; John 3:8; Eph. 1:8)
 
     9. This office of mediator between God and man is proper only to Christ, who is the prophet, priest, and king of the church of God; and may not be either in whole, or any part thereof, transferred from him to any other.  (1 Tim. 2:5)
 
    10. This number and order of offices is necesssary; for in respect of our ignorance, we stand in need of his prophetical office; and in respect of our alienation from God, and imperfection of the best of our service, we need his priestly office to reconcile us and present us acceptable unto God; and in respect to our averseness and utter inability to return to God, and for our rescue and security fromour spiritual adversaries, we need his kingly office to convince, subdue, draw, uphold, deliver, and preserve us to his heavenly kingdom.
     (John 1:18; Col. 1:21; Gal. 5:17; John 16:8; Psalm 110:3; Luke 1:74-75)
 
 
Chapter 9
 
OF FREE WILL
 
     1. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty and power of acting upon choice, that it is neither forced, nor by any necessity of nature determined to do good or evil.
     (Matt. 17:12; James 1:14; Deut. 30:19)
 
     2. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good and well-pleasing to God, but yet was unstable, so that he might fall from it. (Eccl. 7:29; Gen. 3:6)
 
     3. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able by his own strength to convert himself, or to prepare himself therunto.
     (Rom. 5:6; 8:7; Eph. 2:1,5; Titus 3:3-5; John 6:44) 
 
     4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; yet so as that by reason of his remaining corruptions, he doth not perfectly, nor only will, that which is good, but doth also wll that which is evil.
     (Col. 1:13; John 8:36; Phil. 2:13; Rom. 7:15,18-19,21-23)
     5. This will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone in the state of glory only.
     (Eph. 4:13) 
 
 
Chapter 10
 
OF EFFECTUAL CALLING
 
     1. Those whom God hath predestinated unto life, he is pleased in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call, by his Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ; enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God; taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them a heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace.
     (Rom. 8:30; 11:7; Eph. 1:10-11; 2 Thess. 2:13-14; Eph.2:1-6; Acts 26:18; Eph. 1:17-18;
     Ezek. 36:26; Deut. 30:6; Ezek. 36:27; Eph. 1:19; Psalm 110:3; Song 1:4)
 
     2. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man, nor from any power or agency in the creature, being wholly passive therein, being dead in sins and trespasses, until being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit; he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it, and that by no less power than that which raised up Christ from the dead.
     (2 Tim. 1:9; Eph. 2:8; 1 Cor. 2:14; Eph. 2:5; John 5:25; Eph. 1:19-20)
 
     3. Elect infants dying in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit; who worketh when, and where, and how he pleases; so also are all elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word. (John 3:3-6; John 3:8)
 
     4. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet not being effectually drawn by the Father, they neither will nor can truly come to Christ, and therefore cannot be saved:  much less can men that receive not the Christian religion be saved; be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature and the law of that religion they do profess.
     (Matt. 22:14; 13:20-21; Heb. 6:4-5; John 6:44,45,65; 1 John 2:24-25; Acts 4:12; John 4:22; 17:3)
 
 
Chapter 11
 
OF JUSTIFICATION
 
     1. Those whom God effectually calleth, he also freely justifieth, not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone; not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing Christ's active obedience unto the whole law, and passive obedience in his death for their whole and sole righteousness by faith, which faith they have not of themselves; it is the gift of God.
     (Rom. 3:24; 8:30; Rom. 4:5-8; Eph. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:30-31; Rom. 5:17-19; Phil. 3:8-9; Eph. 2:8-10;
     John 1:12; Rom. 5:17)
 
     2. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification; yet it is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love. (Rom. 3:28; Gal. 5:6; James 2:17,22,26)
 
     3. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are justified; and did, by the sacrifice of himself in the blood of his cross, undergoing in their stead the penalty due unto them, make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in their behalf; yet, inasmuch as he was given by the Father for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for anything in them, their justification is only of free grace, that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.
     (Heb. 10:14; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Isa. 53:5-6; Rom. 8:32; 2 Cor. 5:21; Rom. 3:26; Eph. 1:6-7; 2:7)
 
     4. God did from all eternity decree to justify all the elect, and Christ did in the fulness of time die for their sins, and rise again for their justification; nevertheless, they are not justified personally until the Holy Spirit doth in time due actually apply Christ unto them.
     (Gal. 3:8; 1 Pet. 1:2; 1 Tim. 2:6; Rom. 4:25; Col. 1:21-22; Titus 3:4-7)
 
     5. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified, and although they can never fall from the state of justification, yet they may, by their sins, fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and in that condition they have not usually the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.
     (Matt. 6:12; 1 John 1:7-9; John 10:28; Ps. 89:31-33; Ps. 32:5; Ps. 51; Matt. 26:75)
 
     6. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament. (Gal. 3:9; Rom. 4:22-24)
 
 
Chapter 12
 
OF ADOPTION
 
     All those that are justified, God vouchsafed, in and for the sake of his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption, by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God, have his name put upon them, receive the spirit of adoption, have access to the throne of grace with boldness, are enabled to cry Abba Father, are pitied, protected, provided for, and chastened by him as by a Father, yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption, and inherit the promises as heirs of everlasting salvation.
     (Eph. 1:5; Gal. 4:4-5; John 1:12; Rom. 8:17; 2 Cor. 6:18; Rev. 3:12; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6;
     Eph. 2:18; Ps. 103:13; Prov. 14:26; 1 Peter 5:7; Heb. 12:6; Isa. 54:8-9; Lam. 3:31; Eph. 4:30;
     Heb. 1:14; 6:12)
 
 
Chapter 13
 
OF SANCTIFICATION
 
     1. They who are united to Christ, effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spiriti created in them through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection, are also farther sanctified, really and personally, through the same virtue, by HIs Word and Spirit dwelling in them; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of all true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.
     (Acts 20:32; Rom. 6:5-6; John 17:17; Eph. 3:16-19; 1 Thess. 5:21-23; Rom. 6:14; Gal. 5:24;
     Col. 1:11; 2 Cor. 7:1; Heb. 12:14
)

     2. This sanctification is throughout the whole man, yet imperfect in this life; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part, whence ariseth a continual and irreconcilable war; the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh.
     (1 Thess. 5:23; Rom. 7:18,23; Gal. 5:17; 1 Peter 2:11)

    
3. In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail, yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcome; and so the saints grow in grace, perfecting holiness in the fear of God, pressing after an heavenly life, in evangelical obedience to all the commands which Christ as Head and King, in His Word hath prescribed them.
     (Rom. 7:23; Rom. 6:14; Eph. 4:15-16; 2 Cor. 3:18; 7:1)
 
 
Chapter 14
 
OF SAVING FAITH
 
     1. The grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls, is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts, and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word; by which also, and by the administration of baptism and the Lord's supper, prayer, and other means appointed of God, it is increased and strengthened.
     (2 Cor. 4:13; Eph. 2:8; Rom. 10:14,17; Luke 17:5; 1 Pet. 2:2; Acts 20:32)
 
     2. By this faith a Christian believes to be true whatsoever is revealed in the Word for the authority of God himself, and also apprehends an excellency therein above all other writings and all things in the world, as it bears forth the glory of God in his attributes, the excellency of Christ in his nature and offices, and the power and fullness of the Holy Spirit in his workings and operations; and so is enabled to cast his soul upon the truth thus believed; and also acteth differently upon that which each particular passage thereof containeth; yielding obedience to the commands, trembling at the threatenings, and embracing the promises of God for this life and that which is to come; but the principal acts of saving faith have immediate relation to Christ, accepting, receiving, and resting upon him alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace.
     (Acts 24:14; Ps. 19:7-10; 119:72; 2 Tim. 1:12; John 15:14; Isa. 66:2; Heb. 11:13; John 1:12;
     Acts 16:31; Gal. 2:20; Acts 15:11)
 
     3. This faith, although it be different in degrees, and may be weak or strong, yet it is in the least degree of it different in the kind or nature of it, as is all other saving grace, from the faith and common grace of temporary believers; and therefore, though it may be many times assailed and weakened, yet it gets the victory, growing up in many to the attainment of a full assurance through Christ, who is both the author and finisher of our faith.
     (Heb. 5:13-14; Matt. 6:30; Rom. 4:19-20; 2 Pet. 1:1; Eph. 6:16; 1 John 5:4-5; Heb. 6:11-12;
     Col. 2:2; Heb. 12:2)
 
 
Chapter 15
 
OF REPENTANCE UNTO LIFE AND SALVATION
 
     1. Such of the elect as are converted at riper years, having sometime lived in the state of nature, and therein served diverse lusts and pleasures, God in their effectual calling giveth them repentance unto life.
     Titus 3:2-5
 
     2. Whereas there is none that doeth good and sinneth not, and the best of men may, through the power and deceitfulness of their corruption dwelling in them, with the prevalency of temptation, fall into great sins and provocations; God hath, in the covenant of grace, mercifully provided that believers so sinning and falling may be renewed through repentance unto salvation. Eccl. 7:20; Luke 22:31-32
 
     3. This saving repentance is an evangelical grace, whereby a person, being by the Holy Spirit made sensible of the manifold evils of his sin, doth, by faith in Christ, humble himself for it with godly sorrow, detestation of it, and self-abhorrency, praying fr pardon and strength of grace, with a purpose and endeavor, by supplies of the Spirit, to walk before God unto all well-pleasing in all things.
     (Zech. 12:10; Acts 11:18; Ezek. 36:31; 2 Cor. 7:11; Ps. 119:6,128.
 
     4. As repentance is to be continued through the whole course of our lives, upon the account of the body of death, and the motions thereof, so it is every man's duty to repent of his particular known sins particularly.
     (Luke 19:8; 1 Tim. 1:13,15)
 
     5. Such is the provision which God hath made through Christ in the covenant of grace for the preservation of believers unto salvation, that although there is no sin so small but it deserves damnation, yet there is no sin so great that it shall bring damnation on them that repent, which makes the constant preaching of repentance necessary. (Rom. 6:23; Isaiah 1:16-18; 55:7)
 
 
 
Chapter 16
 
OF GOOD WORKS
 
     1. Good works are only such as God hath commanded in his Holy Word, and not such as without the warrant thereof are devised by men out of blind zeal,or upon any pretence of good intentions.
     (Micah 6:8; Heb. 13:21; Matt. 15:9; Isaiah 29:13)
 
     2. These good works, done in obedience to God's commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith; and by them believers manifest their thankfulness, strengthen their assurance, edify their brethren, adorn the profession of the gospel, stop the mouths of the adversaries, and glorify God, whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereunto, that having their fruit unto holiness they may have the end eternal life.
     (James 2:18,22; Psalm 116:12-13; 1 John 2:3,5; 2 Peter 1:5-11; Matt. 5:16;1 Tim. 6:1; 1 Pet. 2:15;
     Phil. 1:11; Eph. 2:10; Rom. 6:22)
     3. Their ability to do good works is not all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christ; and that they may be enabled thereunto, besides the graces they have already received, there is necessary an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit, to work in them to will and to do of his good pleasure; yet they are not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty, unless upon a special motion of the Spirit, but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them.
     (John 15:4,5; 2 Cor. 3:5; Phil. 2:13;Phil. 2:12; Heb. 6:11,12; Isaiah 64:7)
 
     4. They who in their obedience attain to the greatest height which is possible in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate, and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.  (Job 9:2,3; Gal. 5:17; Luke 17:10)
 
     5. We cannot by our best works merit pardon of sin or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come, and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom by them we can neither profit nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins; but when we have done all we can, we have done our duty, and are unprofitable servants; and because as they are good they proceed from his Spirit, and as they are wrought by us they are defiled and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God's punishment.
     (Rom. 3:20; Eph. 2:8,9; Rom. 4:6; Gal. 5:22,23; Isa. 64:6; Psalm 143:2)
 
     6. Yet notwithstanding the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in him; not as though they were in this life wholly unblameable and unreprovable in God's sight, but that he, looking upon them in his Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.
     (Eph. 1:6; 1 Peter 2:5; Matt. 25:21-23; Heb. 6:10)
 
     7. Works done by unregenerate men, although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands, and of good use both to themselves and others; yet because they proceed not from a heart purified by faith, nor are done in a right manner according to the word, nor to a right end, the glory of God, they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, nor make a man meet to receive grace from God, and yet their neglect of them is more sinful and displeasing to God.
     (2 Kings 10:30 1 Kings 21:27-29; Gen. 4:5; Heb. 11:4,6; 1 Cor. 13:1; Matt. 6:2,5; Amos 5:21,22;
     Rom. 9:16; Titus 3:5; Job 21:14,15; Matt. 25:41-43)
 
 
Chapter 17
 
OF THE PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS
 
     1. Those whom God hath accepted in the beloved, effectually called and sanctified by his Spirit, and given the precious faith of his elect unto, can neither totally nor finally fall from the state of grace, but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved, seeing the gifts and callings of God are without repentance, whence he still begets and nourisheth in them faith, repentance, love, joy, hope, and all the graces of the Spirit unto immortality; and though many storms and floods arise and beat against them, yet they shall never be able to take them off that foundation and rock which by faith they are fastened upon; notwithstanding, through unbelief and the temptations of Satan, the sensible sight of the light and love of God may for a time be clouded and obscured from them, yet he is still the same, and they shall be sure to be kept by the power of God unto salvation, where they shal enjoy their purchased possession, they being engraven upon the palm of his hands, and their names having been written in the book of life from all eternity.
     (John 10:28,29; Phil. 1:6; 2 Tim. 2:19; 1 John 2:19; Psalm 89:31-32; 1 Cor. 11:32; Mal. 3:6)
 
   2. This perseverance of the saints depends not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father, upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ and union with him, the oath of God, the abiding of his Spirit, and the seed of God within them, and the nature of the covenant of grace; from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof.
     (Rom. 8:30; 9:11,16; Rom. 5:9-10 John 14:19; Heb. 6:17-18; 1 John 3:9; Jer. 32:40)
 
     3. And though they may, through the temptation of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins, and for a time continue therein, whereby they incur God's displeasure and grieve his Holy Spirit, come to have their graces and comforts impaired, have their hearts hardened, and their consciences wounded, hurt and scandalize others, and bring temporal judgments upon themselves, yet shall they renew their repentance and be preserved through faith in Christ Jesus to the end.
     (Matt. 26:70-74; Isa. 64:5,9; Eph. 4:30; Ps. 51:10,12; Ps. 32:3,4; 2 Sam. 12:14; Luke 22:32,61)
 
 
Chapter 18
 
OF THE ASSURANCE OF GRACE AND SALVATION
 
     1. Although temporary believers and other unregenerate men may vainly deceive themselves with false hopes and carnal presumptions of being in the favor of God and state of salvation, which hope of theirs shall perish; yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavoring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured that they are in the state of grace, and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God, which hope shall never make them ashamed.
     (Job 8:13-14; Matt. 7:22-23; 1 John 2:3; 3:14,18,19,21,24; 5:13; Rom. 5:2,5)
 
     2. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion grounded upon a fallible hope, but an infallible assurance of faith founded on the blood and righteousness of Christ revealed in the Gospel; and also upon the inward evidence of those graces of the Spirit unto which promises are made, and on the testimony of the Spirit of adoption, witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God; and, as a fruit thereof, keeping the heart both humble and holy.
     (Heb. 6:11,19; 6:17-18;2 Pet. 1:4,5,10,11; Rom. 8:15,16; 1 Joh 3:1-3)
 
     3. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties before he be partaker of it; yet being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of means, attain thereunto; and therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure, that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Spirit, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, the proper fruits of this assurance; --so far is it from inclining men to looseness.
     (Isa. 1:10;Ps. 88; Ps. 77:1-12;1 John 4:13; Heb. 6:11,12; Rom. 5:1,2,5; 14:17; Ps. 119:32;
     Rom. 6:1,2; Tit. 2:11,12,14)
 
     4. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation diverse ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as by negligence in preserving of it, by falling into some special sin which wounds the conscience and grieves the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation, by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness and to have no light, yet are they never destitute of the seed of God and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived, and by the which, in the meantime, they are preserved from utter despair.
    (S.S. 5:2,3,6; Ps. 51:8,12,14; Ps. 116:11; Ps. 77:7,8; Ps. 31:22; Ps. 30:7; 1 John 3:9; Luke 22:32;
     Ps. 42:5,11; Lam. 3:26-31)
 
 
Chapter 19
 
OF THE LAW OF GOD
 
     1. God gave to Adam a law of universal obedience written in his heart, and a particular precept of not eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil; by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience; promises life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it.
     (Gen. 1:27; Eccl. 7:29; Rom. 10:5; Gal. 3:10,12)
 
     2. The same law that was first written in the heart of man continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness after the fall, and was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables, the four first containing our duty towards God and the other six, our duty to man. (Rom. 2:14,15; Deut. 10:4)
 
     3. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties, all which ceremonial laws, being appointed only to the time of reformation, are, by Jesus Christ the true Messiah and only law-giver, who was furnished with power from the Father for that end abrogated and taken away.
      (Heb. 10:1; Col. 2:17; 1 Cor. 5:7; Col. 2:14,16,17; Eph. 2:14,16)
 
     4. To them also he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any now by virtue of that institution; their general equity only being of modern use.
     (1 Cor. 9:8-10)
 
     5. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof, and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it; neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.
     (Rom. 13:8-10; James 2:8,10-12; Matt. 5:17-19; Rom. 3:31)
 
     6. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned, yet it is of great use to them as well as to others, in that as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their natures, hearts, and lives, so as examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against, sin; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ and the perfection of his obedience;it is likewise of use to the regenerate to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin; and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although free from the curse and unallayed rigor thereof. The promises of it likewise show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, though not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works; so as man's doing good and refraining from evil, because the law encourages to the one and deters from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law and not under grace.
      (Rom. 6:14; Gal. 2:16; Rom. 8:1; 10:4; 3:20; 7:7; 6:12-14; 1 Peter 3:8-13)
 
     7. Neither are the aforementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it, the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God, revealed in the law, requires to be done.
     (Gal. 3:21; Ezek. 36:27)
 
 
Chapter 20
 
OF THE GOSPEL, AND OF THE EXTENT OF THE GRACE THEREOF
 
     1. The covenant of works being broken by sin, and made unprofitable unto life, God was pleased to give forth the promise of Christ, the seed of the woman, as the means of calling the elect, and begetting in them faith and repentance;in this promise the gospel, as to the substance of it, was revealed, and is therein effectual for the conversion and salvation of sinners.
     (Gen. 3:15; Rev. 13:8)
 
     2. This promise of Christ and salvation by him is revealed only by the Word of God; neither do the works of creation or providence, with the light of nature, make discovery of Christ, or of grace by him, so much as in a general or obscure way; much less that men destitute of the revelation of him by the promise or gospel, should be enabled thereby to attain saving faith or repentance.
     (Rom. 1:17; Rom. 10:14, 15, 17; Prov. 29:18; Isa. 25:7; Isa. 60:2-3)
 
     3. The revelation of the gospel unto sinners, made in diverse times and by sundry parts, with the addition of promises and precepts for the obedience required therein, as to the nations and persons to whom it is granted, is merely of the sovereign will and good pleasure of God; not being annexed by virtue of any  promise to the due improvement of men's natural abilities, by virtue of common light received without it, which none ever did make, or can do so; and therefore in all ages, the preaching of the gospel has been granted unto persons and nations, as to the extent or straitening of it, in great variety, according to the counsel of the will of God.
     (Ps. 147:20; Acts 16:7; Rom. 1:18-32)
 
     4. Although the gospel be the only outward means of revealing Christ and saving grace, and is, as such, abundantly sufficient thereunto; yet that men who are dead in trespasses may be born again, quickened or regenerated, there is moreover necessary an effectual insuperable work of the Holy Spirit upon the whole soul, for the producing in them a new spiritual life; without which no other means will effect their conversion unto God.
     (Ps. 110:3; 1 Cor. 2:14; Eph. 1:19-20; John 6:44; 2 Cor. 4:4-6)
 
 
 
Chapter 21
 
OF CHRISTIAN LIBERTY AND LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE
 
     1. The liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the rigor and curse of the law, and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin, from the evil of afflictions, the fear and sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation:  as also in their free access to God, and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a child-like love and willing mind.
        All which were common also to believers under the law for the substance of them; but under the New Testament the liberty of Christians is further enlarged, in their freedom from the yoke of a ceremonial law, to which the Jewish church was subjected, and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace, and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of.
     (Gal. 3:13; Gal. 1:4; Acts 26:18; Rom. 8:3; Rom. 8:28; 1 Cor. 15:54-57; 2 Thess. 1:10;
Rom. 8:15; Luke 1:73-75; 1 John 4:18; Gal. 3:9, 14; John 7:38-39; Heb. 10:19-21)
 
     2. God alone is Lord of the conscience, and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or not contained in it. So that to believe such doctrines, or obey such commands out of conscience, it so betray true liberty of conscience; and the requiring of an implicit faith, an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience and reason also.
     (James 4:12; Rom. 14:4; Acts 4:19, 29; 1 Cor. 7:23; Matt. 15:9; Col. 2:20, 22, 23;
1 Cor. 3:5; 2 Cor. 1:24)
 
     3. They who upon pretense of Christian liberty do practice any sin, or cherish any sinful lust, as they do thereby pervert the main design of the grace of the gospel to their own destruction, so they wholly destroy the end of Christian liberty, which is, that being delivered out of the hands of all our enemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our lives.
     (Rom. 6:1-2; Gal. 5:13; 2 Peter 2:18, 21)
 
 
Chapter 22
 
OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP AND THE SABBATH DAY
 
     1. The light of nature shows that there is a God, who hath lordship and sovereignty over all; is just, good, and doth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the heart and all the soul, and with all the might. But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by himself, and so limited by his own revealed will, that he may not be worshipped according to the imagination and devices of men, nor the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representations, or any other way not prescribed in the Holy Scriptures.
     (Jer. 10:7; Mark 12:33; Deut. 12:32; Exod. 20:4-6)
 
     2. Religious worship is to be given to God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and to him alone; not to angels, saints, or any other creatures; and since the fall, not without a mediator, nor in the mediation of any other but Christ alone.
     (Matt. 4:9-10; John 5:23; Matt. 28:19; Rom. 1:25;Col. 2:18; Rev. 19:10; John 14:6; 1 Tim. 2:5)
 
     3. Prayer, with thanksgiving, being one part of natural worship, is by God required of all men. But that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son, by the help of the Spirit, according to his will; with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance; and when with others, in a known tongue.
     (Ps. 95:1-7; 65:2; John 14:13-14; Rom. 8:26; 1 John 5:14; 1 Cor. 14:16-17)
 
    4. Prayer is to be made for things lawful, and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereafter; but not for the dead, nor for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the sin unto death.
     (1 Tim. 2:1-2; 2 Sam. 7:29; 2 Sam. 12:21-23; 1 John 5:16)
 
     5. The reading of the Scriptures, preaching, and hearing the Word of God, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in our hearts to the Lord; as also the administration of baptism, and the Lord's Supper, are all parts of religious worship of God, to be performed in obedience to him, with understanding, faith, reverence, and godly fear; moreover, solemn humiliation, with fastings, and thanksgivings, upon special occasions, ought to be used in an holy and religious manner.
    (1 Tim. 4:13;2 Tim. 4:2; Luke 8:18; Col. 3:16; Eph. 5:19; Matt. 28:19-20; 1 Cor. 11:26;
Esther 4:16; Joel 2:12; Exod. 15:1-19; Psalm 107)
 
    6. Neither prayer nor any other part of religious worship, is now under the gospel, tied unto, or made more acceptable by any place in which it is performed, or towards which it is directed; but God is to be worshipped everywhere in spirit and in truth; as in private families daily, and in secret each one by himself; so more solemnly in the public assemblies, which are not carelessly nor willfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God by his word or providence calleth thereto.
     (John 4:21; Mal. 1:11; 1 Tim. 2:8; Acts 10:2; Matt. 6:11; Ps. 55:17; Matt. 6:6; Heb. 10:25;
Acts 2:42)
 
     7. As it is the law of nature, that in general a proportion of time, by God's appointment, be set apart for the worship of God